, Volume 24, Issue 1, pp 27-35

Renal lesions in a strain of spontaneously diabetic WBN/KOB rats

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In WBN/Kob strain rats, only males spontaneously develop hyperglycemia, glycosuria, hypoinsulinemia and glucose intolerance from about nine months of age. The kidneys of male rats of this strain were histopathologically studies to evaluate the changes which appeared as complications of diabetes mellitus. Thickening of the basement membrane, increase of the mesangial matrix and fibrin-cap lesions were noted in the glomeruli. Armanni-Ebstein degeneration was occasionally found in the tubules. Linear deposition of plasma components such as IgG and albumin in the basement membrane of the glomeruli, tubules and Bowman’s capsule characterized the immunohistological pattern. These findings are similar to the findings in diabetic nephropathy in humans. Since the onset of diabetes mellitus in the strain is slow and symptoms are generally mild, insulin administration is usually not necessary for survival. This strain, therefore, appears to be an important animal model for the study of complications of diabetes in humans.