Clinico-bacteriological study of neonatal septicemia in Hubli
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Septicemia is a leading cause of neonatal morbidity and mortality in India. In a study of 242 infants with septicemia conducted between March 1996 & June 1997 at Hubli, Karnataka, 43.39% infants had ‘very early onset’ sepsis (VOS), 40.08%, had ‘early onset’ sepsis (EOS), and 16.53% ‘late onset’ sepsis (LOS). 54.55% neonates had birth weight below 2000g and 39.67% were born before 37 weeks of gestation. The cardiorespiratory signs and jaundice were the most frequent clinical features. The blood culture positivity rate was 64.87%.Klebsiella species was the commonest causative pathogen found and multidrug resistance was frequent. The overall mortality rate was 47.52% and the case fatality rate in LOS was higher than in VOS and EOS (p < 0.001). The mortality was significantly higher in neonates with lower birth weight and lower gestational age (p < 0.001). The study underlines the importance of monitoring the various features of neonatal septicemia, as well as the drug resistance of the pathogens from the nurseries.
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- Clinico-bacteriological study of neonatal septicemia in Hubli
The Indian Journal of Pediatrics
Volume 67, Issue 3 , pp 169-174
- Cover Date
- Print ISSN
- Online ISSN
- Springer India
- Additional Links
- Neonatal septicemia
- Bacteriological features
- Industry Sectors
- Author Affiliations
- 1. Department of Microbiology, Karnatak Institute of Medical Sciences, Hubli, 580 022, Karnataka
- 2. Department of Pediatrics, Karnatak Institute of Medical Sciences, Hubli, Karnataka
- 3. Department of Microbiology, Karnatak Institute of Medical Sciences, Hubli, Karnataka
- 4. Department of Microbiology, St. John’s Medical College, Bangalore