Korean Journal of Chemical Engineering

, Volume 21, Issue 2, pp 488–493

Influence of chain length of tertiary amines on extractability and chemical interactions in reactive extraction of succinic acid


DOI: 10.1007/BF02705439

Cite this article as:
Hong, Y.K. & Hong, W.H. Korean J. Chem. Eng. (2004) 21: 488. doi:10.1007/BF02705439


Reactive extraction of succinic acid from aqueous solutions with various tertiary amines dissolved in 1-octanol and in n-heptane has been studied as a function of the chain length of the tertiary amine. In the tertiary amine extractants in 1-octanol, the extractabilities of tertiary amines were proportional to their chain length. But, in n-heptane, the extractabilities of tertiary amines decreased with their chain length. In order to analyze chemical interactions involved in the complexation of succinic acid with amine extractants in 1-octanol and n-heptane, infrared (IR) spectroscopy was used. From IR spectroscopy, it was found that the difference of extractability in 1-octanol and in n-heptane was mainly due to the different degree of intramolecular hydrogen bonding of succinic acid with the polarity of diluents. And the possible stoichiometry of acid-amine-diluent complex was predicted as (1,1), (2,1), (1,1,1).

Key words

Succinic Acid Chain Length of Amine Intramolecular Hydrogen Bond Polarity 

Copyright information

© Korean Institute of Chemical Engineering 2004

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Chemical EngineeringChungju National UniversityChungju, ChungbukKorea
  2. 2.Department of Chemical and Biomolecular EngineeringKorea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology (KAIST)Yuseong-gu, DaejeonKorea

Personalised recommendations