International Journal of Primatology

, Volume 16, Issue 6, pp 1017–1024

The stone tools of capuchins (Cebus apella)

  • Gregory Charles Westergaard
  • Stephen J. Suomi1

DOI: 10.1007/BF02696114

Cite this article as:
Westergaard, G.C. & Suomi1, S.J. International Journal of Primatology (1995) 16: 1017. doi:10.1007/BF02696114


We examined the production of stone took by capuchins (Cebus apella). Eleven subjects used five reduction techniques to produce 346 stone tools (48 cores and 298 flakes). They produced a sharp edge on 83% of the cores and largest flakes. Three monkeys later used a sample of these objects as cutting tools. These results demonstrate that monkeys produce lithic tools analogous to those produced by Oldowan hominids.

Key Words

toolsartifactscapuchinsCebus apellaOldowanarchaeology

Copyright information

© Plenum Publishing Corporation 1995

Authors and Affiliations

  • Gregory Charles Westergaard
    • 1
  • Stephen J. Suomi1
    • 1
  1. 1.Laboratory of Comparative EthologyNational Institute of Child Health and Human DevelopmentBethesdaMaryland
  2. 2.National Institutes of Health Animal CenterPoolesvilleMaryland