Quality of life and affect in older persons: Hope, time frames, and training effects
- Sara Staats
- … show all 1 hide
Rent the article at a discountRent now
* Final gross prices may vary according to local VAT.Get Access
This is a preliminary report of a project designed to increase hope and quality of life (QOL) in older persons through a series of five training sessions. The training sessions for the experimental groups are based on research on happiness, goal imagery, and time management. Data indicates that the training is effective in increasing expected QOL.
Several measures of affect and stress are examined as a function of three time frames of self-reported QOL. Daily uplifts are significantly related to present and future QOL while measures of stress and major life changes are not. Correlations of affective measures with QOL tend to increase from time frames of the past five years through the present to the next five years, indicating the relevance of hope for older persons. Training for increased hope works with older persons. Data obtained in the process is used to address theoretical models of QOL in older persons.
- Ajzen, I., & Fishbein, M. (1977). Attitude, behavior, relations: a theoretical analysis and review of empirical research.Psychological Bulletin, 84, 888–819. CrossRef
- Andrews, F.M., & Withey, S.B. (1976).Social indicators of well-being: America’s perception of life quality. New York: Plenum.
- Beck, A.T. (1967).Depression: clinical, experimental, and theoretical aspects. New York: Harper & Row.
- Bradburn, N.M. (1969).The structure of psychological well-being. Chicago: Aldine.
- Campbell, A., Converse, P.E., & Rodgers, W.L. (1976).The quality of American life. New York: Russell Sage Foundation.
- Diener, E., Sandvik, E., & Pavot, W. (1989). Happiness is the frequency, not intensity of positive versus negative affect. In Strack, F., Argyle, M., & Schwarz, N. (Eds.),The social psychology of subjective well-being. New York: Pergamon.
- Delongis, A., Coyne, J.C., Dakof, G., Folkmann, S., & Lazarus, R.S. (1982). Relationship of daily hassles, uplifts, and major life events to health status.Health Psychology, 1, 119–136. CrossRef
- Feather, N. (1982).Expectations and actions: expectancy value models in psychology. Hillsdale, NJ: LEA.
- Fordyce, M.W. (1977). Development of a program to increase personal happiness.Journal of Counseling Psychology, 24, 511–521. CrossRef
- Hill, R.D., Gallager, D., Thompson, L.W., & Ishida, T. (1988). Hopelessness as a measure of suicidal intent in the depressed elderly.Psychology and Aging, 3, 515–532. CrossRef
- Holmes, T.H., & Rahe, R.H., (1967). The social readjustment rating scale.Journal of Psychosomatic Research, 11, 213–218. CrossRef
- Janis, I. (1980). Personality differences in decision making under stress. In Blankenstein, K., Pliner, P., & Polivy, J. (Eds.),Assessment and modifications of emotional behavior. New York: Plenum.
- Lazarus, A. (1982).Personal enrichment through imagery. New York: BMA Audio Cassettes.
- Lehr, U. (1967). Attitudes towards the future in old age.Human Development, 10, 230–238. CrossRef
- McGrath, J.E., & Kelly, J.R. (1986).Time and human interaction. New York: Guilford.
- Miller, G.A., Galanter, E., & Pribram, K. (1960).Plans and the structure of behavior. New York: Hold, Reinehart, & Winston.
- Staats, S.R. (1989). Hope: a comparison of two self-report measures for adults.Journal of Personality Assessment, 53, 366–375. CrossRef
- Taylor, S.E., & Brown, J. (1988). Illusions and well-being: a social psychological perspective on mental health.Psychological Bulletin, 103, 193–210. CrossRef
- Warr, P., Barter, J., & Brownbridge, G. (1983). On the independence of possitive and negative affect.Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 52, 644–651. CrossRef
- Watson, D., Clark, L.A., & Tellegen, A. (1988). Development and validation of a brief measure of positive and negative affect.Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 51, 1063–1070. CrossRef
- Quality of life and affect in older persons: Hope, time frames, and training effects
Volume 10, Issue 1-2 , pp 21-30
- Cover Date
- Print ISSN
- Online ISSN
- Additional Links
- Sara Staats (1)
- Author Affiliations
- 1. The Ohio State University, University Drive, 43055-1797, Newark, OH