, Volume 56, Issue 4, pp 516-519

The synthesis of 2-(2-pentenyl) furans and their relationship to the reversion flavor of soybean oil

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Abstract

cis- andtrans-2-(2-Pentenyl)furans were synthesized and structures were confirmed by infrared, nuclear magnetic resonance and mass spectroscopy. Preliminary organoleptic evaluation of oil solutions of the compounds indicated that thecis isomer had a flavor threshold of ca. 0.25 ppm. with odor and flavor descriptions of beany, grassy and buttery at 0.50 ppm; and that thetrans isomer had a flavor threshold of ca. 0.50 ppm with odor and flavor descriptions of beany, grassy and buttery at 1 ppm and strong painty and metallic at 4 ppm. These compounds, if found in soybean oil through the autoxidation of linolenate, may contribute to the characteristic reversion flavor.

Paper of the Journal Series, New Jersey Agricultural Experiment Station, Cook College, Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey.