, Volume 68, Issue 2, pp 83-86

Bone mass and mineral metabolism in liver transplant patients treated with FK506 or cyclosporine A

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Abstract

The purpose of this study was to compare the effects of Cyclosporine A (CyA) and FK506 on bone mass and mineral metabolism in liver transplantation (LT) patients. A prospective study was performed on 18 male patients who underwent LT treated with CyA, and 7 LT patients who received FK506. Bone mineral density (BMD) of the lumbar spine and proximal femur (DPX-L) was measured before and at 6, 12, and 24 months after transplantation. Moreover, intact parathyroid hormone (PTH) and 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25OHD) levels were determined at the same time. The cumulative dose of glucocorticoids was calculated in all patients. At 6 months, lumbar BMD decreased 5.2 ± 1.2 % (P=0.0005) and 2.9 ± 2.1 % (p=ns) in CyA and FK506 groups, respectively. Lumbar BMD reached baseline values at 1 year in the FK506 group and 2 years after LT in the CyA group. Moreover, significant intergroup differences in femoral neck BMD changes after 2 years of transplant were observed (CyA: −5.2 ± 1.97 versus FK506: +1.55 ± 2.2 %;P=0.039). In the first year posttransplant both groups showed a marked increase in PTH and 25OHD levels. The mean cumulative dose of glucocorticoids was higher in the CyA group (CyA group 11.06 ± 0.46 g versus FK 506 group 6.71 ± 0.42 g;P<0.001), and multiple linear regression analysis showed a negative correlation between BMD changes at the lumbar spine and mean cumulative dose of glucocorticoids (P=0.022). In conclusion, our data suggest that after liver transplantation treatment with FK506 shows a more favorable long-term effect on bone mass evolution than CyA therapy. These differences seem to be associated with the lower dose of glucocorticoids used in the FK506 group.