Transport Phenomena

Metallurgical Transactions B

, Volume 17, Issue 3, pp 449-459

First online:

Mathematical modeling of flows in large tundish systems in steelmaking

  • K. Y. M. LaiAffiliated withDepartment of Mechanical Engineering, Princeton University
  • , M. SalcudeanAffiliated withDepartment of Mechanical Engineering, University of British Columbia
  • , S. TanakaAffiliated withNippon Steel Corporation
  • , R. I. L. GuthrieAffiliated withDepartment of Metallurgical Engineering, McGill University

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Numerical solutions of the three-dimensional turbulent Navier-Stokes equations, incorporating thek-ε turbulence model, are presented for the turbulent flow of liquid within a tundish of high aspect ratio. Experimental results, obtainedvia Laser-Doppler anemometry and flow visualization techniques, are also reported. Calculated flow fields were shown to be similar to corresponding experimental flow fields. Such results can provide useful technological information regarding the design of tundishes in the steel industry for optimization of steel cleanliness.