Metallurgical Transactions B

, Volume 15, Issue 2, pp 213–219

A mathematical model for calculation of equilibrium solution speciations for the FeCl3-FeCl2-CuCl2-CuCl-HCl-NaCl-H2O system at 25 ‡C

  • Richard T. Kimura
  • Peter A. Haunschild
  • Knona C. Liddell

DOI: 10.1007/BF02667323

Cite this article as:
Kimura, R.T., Haunschild, P.A. & Liddell, K.C. MTB (1984) 15: 213. doi:10.1007/BF02667323


Equilibrium solution speciation computations were performed for the FeCl-FeCl3-CuCl2-CuCl-HCl-NaCl-H2O system at 25 ‡C. In dilute solutions, complexation of Fe(III), Fe(II), and Cu(II) is insignificant but the major Cu(I) species is CuCl2-. In concentrated solutions, FeCl30, FeCl20, and CuCl20 are the major Fe(III), Fe(II), and Cu(II) species, and CuCl32- is the most important cuprous complex. High Cu(I)/Cu(II) ratios are apparently more readily attainable in CuCl2 than in FeCl3 media. The Cu(I)/Cu(II) ratio is increased by making the solution more concentrated in any component except FeCl3 or CuCl2. Neither the ionic strength nor the total chloride concentration is a good predictor of the Cu(I)/Cu(II) ratio.

Copyright information

© The Metallurgical of Society of AIME 1984

Authors and Affiliations

  • Richard T. Kimura
    • 1
  • Peter A. Haunschild
    • 2
  • Knona C. Liddell
    • 3
  1. 1.Mobil Oil CorporationFerndaleWA
  2. 2.National SemiconductorSanta ClaraCA
  3. 3.Chemical Engineering DepartmentWashington State UniversityPullmanWA