Chinese Geographical Science

, Volume 1, Issue 1, pp 42–53

On the relation between the evolution of natural environment and human factors and the development of urban settlement—Take the Lanzhou Valley Basin as an examples


  • Xian Xiaowei 
    • Lanzhou University
  • Zhang Linyuan 
    • Lanzhou University
  • Ai Nanshan 
    • Lanzhou University
  • Wihelm Wohlke 
    • Free University of Berlin

DOI: 10.1007/BF02664455

Cite this article as:
Xian, X., Zhang, L., Ai, N. et al. Chinese Geographical Science (1991) 1: 42. doi:10.1007/BF02664455


Lanzhou Valley Basin is composed of two smaller diamond-shaped basins striking from NW to SE and including 6 river terraces. The lower terraces remaining even and smooth are main sites for city buildings. The main function of Lanzhou urban settlement is a ferry and transport centre. Lanzhou used to be an important crossing site and post on the “silk road”, and then became a transport and trade centre in Northwest China. In the middle part of the 17th century, Lanzhou became the capital of Gansu, a new province. The development process of Lanzhou urban settlement indicates that urban settlement is a system consisting of natural environment and human society based on the former.

Key words

natural environmenthuman factorurban settlementinterface analysisQuaternary

Copyright information

© Science Press 1991