Chinese Geographical Science

, Volume 1, Issue 1, pp 42-53

First online:

On the relation between the evolution of natural environment and human factors and the development of urban settlement—Take the Lanzhou Valley Basin as an examples

  • Xian Xiaowei Affiliated withLanzhou University
  • , Zhang Linyuan Affiliated withLanzhou University
  • , Ai Nanshan Affiliated withLanzhou University
  • , Wihelm Wohlke Affiliated withFree University of Berlin

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Lanzhou Valley Basin is composed of two smaller diamond-shaped basins striking from NW to SE and including 6 river terraces. The lower terraces remaining even and smooth are main sites for city buildings. The main function of Lanzhou urban settlement is a ferry and transport centre. Lanzhou used to be an important crossing site and post on the “silk road”, and then became a transport and trade centre in Northwest China. In the middle part of the 17th century, Lanzhou became the capital of Gansu, a new province. The development process of Lanzhou urban settlement indicates that urban settlement is a system consisting of natural environment and human society based on the former.

Key words

natural environment human factor urban settlement interface analysis Quaternary