, Volume 59, Issue 7, pp 292-295

Glyceride composition of processed fats and oils as determined by glass capillary gas chromatography

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Refined and bleached fats and oils can be analyzed directly by high-temperature glass capillary column gas chromatography after derivatization of the fatty acids, mono- and diglycerides with BSTFA [(N,O)-bis(trimethyl silyl) trifluoroacetamide]. The intact glycerides are separated on the basis of volatility to provide characteristic carbon number profiles (CNP). Quantitative information on mono-, di- and triglycerides, as well as free fatty acids, is obtained from a single, rapid separation. Profile values are reported for 13 different processed fats and oils. The analysis performed in the split-injection mode maintains column integrity after numerous separations, while producing acceptable relative standard deviations.