Solid State Reactions

Metallurgical Transactions B

, Volume 12, Issue 2, pp 319-326

First online:

The effects of nucleation and growth on the reduction of Fe2O3 to Fe3O4

  • P. C. HayesAffiliated withDepartment of Mining & Metallurgical Engineering, University of Queensland
  • , P. GrievesonAffiliated withMetallurgy Department, Imperial College

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The kinetics of reduction of hematite powder to magnetite in CO-CO2 gas mixtures at temperatures between 500 and 663 °C have been measured. The reactions are described in terms of a simple nucleation and growth model. The chemical reaction rate constants for the reduction of hematite to magnetite are obtained and the nucleation frequencies of magnetite on hematite are calculated for a range of temperatures and oxygen partial pressures. A possible technique for the improvement of the “reducibility” of dense hematite ores is suggested.