Analysis of asymmetrical hot strip rolling by the slab method

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Two analytical models based on the slab method are proposed to examine the behavior of sheet at the roll gap during the asymmetrical hot strip rolling process. In model I, the effect of shear stress in vertical plane at the roll gap is considered, whereas this effect is neglected in model II. Neutral points between rolls and strip, rolling pressure distributions along the contact art length of rolls, rolling forces, and rolling torques can be calculated easily by these proposed analytical models. The results including rolling pressure distributions, rolling forces, and rolling torques by both models are compared. The rolling pressure distribution predicted by model I shows that a “pressure well” develops in the cross shear region. On the other hand, no “pressure well” is predicted in model II. Furthermore, the rolling forces predicted by model I are always lower than those measured in the experiment, whereas those predicted by model II are always higher. However, the averages of the values predicted by model I and II are in fairly good agreement with the experimental data. Thus this analytical approach can offer useful knowledge in designing the pass schedules of the asymmetrical hot strip rolling processes.