, Volume 42, Issue 1, pp 75-89

First online:

Metrical dental analysis on golden monkey (Rhinopithecus roxellana)

  • Ruliang PanAffiliated withDepartment of Anatomy and Human Biology, The University of Western AustraliaDepartment of Systematic Zoology, Kunming Institute of Zoology
  • , Charles OxnardAffiliated withDepartment of Anatomy and Human Biology, The University of Western Australia

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Dental variation in the Chinese golden monkey (Rhinopithecus roxellana) is here evaluated by univariate, bivariate, and multivariate analyses. Allometric analyses indicate that canines and P3s are positively, but other dimensions negatively scaled to mandible and maxilla, and to body size. With the exception of the mesiodistal dimensions of I1 and M3, and the buccolingual dimension of P4, mandibular dental variables show similar scaling relative to body size. Analysis of residuals shows that males have significantly larger canine, P3 and buccolingual dimensions of the postcanine teeth (M2 and M3) than females. A significant difference in shape between the sexes is found in the buccolingual dimension of the upper teeth, but not in the mandible. Unlike the situation in some other species, female golden monkeys do not exhibit relatively larger postcanine teeth than males. In fact, the reverse is true, expecially for M2s and M3s. The fact that most of the dental variables show low negative allometry to body size might be related a cold environment that has led to the development of larger body size with reduced energy loss. When the raw data are examined by Discriminant Function Analysis the sexes are clearly distinguishable.

Key Words

Golden monkey Rhinopithecus roxellana Metrical dental analysis Sexual dimorphism Allometry Tooth and body size