, Volume 30, Issue 4, pp 217-225

A line of rat ovarian surface epithelium provides a continuous source of complex extracellular matrix

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Summary

A spontaneously immortalized, yet non-tumorigenic rat ovarian surface epithelial (ROSE 199) cell line, deposits large amounts of extracellular matrix (ECM) in response to crowding. The characteristics and components of ROSE 199-derived cell-free ECM were compared after three different preparative techniques: treatment with 20 mM ammonium hydroxide, with 1% sodium deoxycholate, or by repeated freeze-thaws. The ECMs were analyzed by histochemistry, immunofluorescence, electron microscopy, and Western immunoblotting. Components of ROSE 199 ECM included laminin, fibronectin, and collagen types I and III. Even though ROSE 199 is an epithelial cell line, striated collagen fibers formed a major part of its matrix. Thus, ROSE 199 matrix consists of both basement membrane and stromal matrix components. This matrix supported the adhesion, spreading, and growth of several cell types without altering their morphology or growth pattern, and enhanced the attachment of some cell types that spread on plastic only with difficulty. Immunofluorescence, electron microscopy, and dry weight determinations indicated that a greater proportion of matrix was retained in preparations obtained by ammonium hydroxide or freeze thaw techniques than after sodium deoxycholate treatment. Ammonium hydroxide and freeze-thaw treated matrices were also superior to sodium deoxycholate preparations as evidenced by enhanced initial cellular adhesion and spreading compared to cells plated on plastic. Residual nuclear material did not seem to affect the biological activity of this matrix. ROSE 199 extracellular matrix provides a novel, complex substratum for cell culture and for studies of matrix functions and synthesis.