Science and Engineering Ethics

, Volume 1, Issue 1, pp 11-20

First online:

(Not) giving credit where credit is due: Citation of data sets

  • Joan E. SieberAffiliated withDept. of Psychology, California State University, Hayward
  • , Bruce E. TrumboAffiliated withDepartment of Statistics, California State University Hayward

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Adequate Citation of data sets is crucial to the encouragement of data sharing, to the integrity and cost-effectiveness of science and to easy access to the work of others. The citation behavior of social scientists who have published based on shared data was examined and found to be inconsistent with important ideals of science. Insights gained from the social sciences, where data sharing is somewhat customary, suggest policies and incentives that would foster adequate citation by secondary users, and greater openness and sharing in other disciplines.


credit citation data set meta-analysis secondary analysis data sharing fraud editorial standards scientific integrity