, Volume 1, Issue 2, pp 89-92

Bloodborne pathogens: Occupational risk and infection control in radiology

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Abstract

Transmission of bloodborne pathogens, such as the human immunodeficiency virus, can occur in the healthcare setting, either from patient to healthcare worker or vice versa. The risk of such transmission, however, is quite low. No other cases of physician to patient transmission have been confirmed, and HIV infection due to occupational exposure has been documented in only 39 healthcare workers to date. Other pathogens, particularly hepatitis B virus, pose a greater threat. Procedures in which there may be exposure to various body fluids pose a risk to healthcare workers, including those in radiology. Compliance with current infection control regulations should reduce this risk.