Journal of General Internal Medicine

, Volume 9, Issue 4, pp 232–236

Electrolyte and acid-base disorders associated with AIDS

An etiologic review

Authors

  • Mark A. Perazella
    • Yale Primary Care Residency Program, Department of MedicineSt. Mary’s Hospital
  • Eric Brown
    • the Department of Medicine, Section of NephrologyYale University School of Medicine
Clinical Review

DOI: 10.1007/BF02600132

Cite this article as:
Perazella, M.A. & Brown, E. J Gen Intern Med (1994) 9: 232. doi:10.1007/BF02600132

Summary

In summary, patients with HIV infection may develop a bewildering variety of electrolyte and acid-base disturbances. Hyponatremia from many causes is common and associated with an increased mortality. Potassium disorders are frequent, with hyperkalemia, even to life-threatening levels, more common than hypokalemia. Disturbances in calcium and uric acid homeostasis are less frequent. Acid-base disorders also complicate the clinical course of AIDS and, as with the electrolyte perturbations, may result from HIV infection itself, the illnesses associated with AIDS, or medications.

Copyright information

© the Society of General Internal Medicine 1994