Electrolyte and acid-base disorders associated with AIDS
- Cite this article as:
- Perazella, M.A. & Brown, E. J Gen Intern Med (1994) 9: 232. doi:10.1007/BF02600132
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In summary, patients with HIV infection may develop a bewildering variety of electrolyte and acid-base disturbances. Hyponatremia from many causes is common and associated with an increased mortality. Potassium disorders are frequent, with hyperkalemia, even to life-threatening levels, more common than hypokalemia. Disturbances in calcium and uric acid homeostasis are less frequent. Acid-base disorders also complicate the clinical course of AIDS and, as with the electrolyte perturbations, may result from HIV infection itself, the illnesses associated with AIDS, or medications.