Documenta Ophthalmologica

, Volume 93, Issue 1, pp 159–167

Sushruta: The father of Indian surgery and ophthalmology

  • K. B. Kansupada
  • J. W. Sassani

DOI: 10.1007/BF02569056

Cite this article as:
Kansupada, K.B. & Sassani, J.W. Doc Ophthalmol (1997) 93: 159. doi:10.1007/BF02569056


Sushruta is the most celebrated physician and surgeon in India. Though he practiced during the 5th century B.C., many of his contributions to medicine and surgery preceded similar discoveries in the Western world. Sushruta devotes a complete volume of his experiences to ophthalmologic diseases. In theUttar Tantrum, Sushruta enumerates a sophisticated classification of eye diseases complete with signs, symptoms, prognosis, and medical/surgical interventions. In particular, Sushruta describes what may have been the first extracapsular cataract surgery using a sharply pointed instrument with a handle fashioned into a trough. His ability to manage many common eye conditions of the time with limited diagnostic acids is a testament to his virtuosity.

Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 1997

Authors and Affiliations

  • K. B. Kansupada
    • 1
  • J. W. Sassani
    • 1
  1. 1.Pennsylvannia State Medical CenterHersheyUSA
  2. 2.BelmontUSA

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