Quantitative studies of Bose-Einstein condensation in a dilute atomic vapor
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- Jin, D.S., Ensher, J.R., Matthews, M.R. et al. Czech J Phys (1996) 46(Suppl 6): 3070. doi:10.1007/BF02548112
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We observe Bose-Einstein condensation (BEC) in a dilute atomic gas cooled below 280 nK.87Rb atoms are optically trapped and pre-cooled, loaded into a magnetic trap, and then evaporatively cooled throughthe BEC phase transition. We present results of quantitative studies of condensate fraction, interaction strength, and excitations of the condensate in this system.