Grooming site preferences in female langurs (Presbytis entellus)

  • Carola Borries

DOI: 10.1007/BF02547725

Cite this article as:
Borries, C. International Journal of Primatology (1992) 13: 19. doi:10.1007/BF02547725


Factors influencing grooming site preferences in adult female Hanuman langurs (Presbytis entellus) were investigated. The females belonged to a free-ranging harem troop (Jodhpur, India) and were observed for 569 hr by focal-female sampling. Decisive factors for grooming site preferences were the following: autogrooming was determined mostly by site accessiblity. Allogrooming was significantly concentrated on parts that are inaccessible to the groomee. Close female kin groomed significantly longer, more frequently, and more precisely at inaccessible body parts. Lower-ranking females were groomed significantly less often and more briefly but also more precisely at inaccessible parts. However, the latter might be due to a lower-ranking subjects desire to face away from the higher-ranking groomer in order to avoid eye contact. The data suggest that the groomee determines the sites being groomed.

Key words

Presbytis entellus autogrooming/allogrooming site preferences kinship dominance 

Copyright information

© Plenum Publishing Corporation 1992

Authors and Affiliations

  • Carola Borries
    • 1
  1. 1.Institut für AnthropologieGöttingenGermany

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