Synthesis and properties of cationic surfactants containing a disulfide bond
- Cite this article as:
- Pinazo, A., Diz, M., Solans, C. et al. J Am Oil Chem Soc (1993) 70: 37. doi:10.1007/BF02545364
Two new cationic surfactants containing a disulfide bond were synthesized, and the physical chemical characteristics and the fundamental surface-active properties were determined. These new surfactants have potential applications in the textile and cosmetic field. These compounds have been prepared by condensation of a commercial Nα,Nα-dimethyl amino betaine with cystine dimethyl ester or cystamine by means of the mixed anhydride method. The study of their properties revealed that these molecules are soluble in water (stable at pH⩽8) and show surface activity with similar low critical micelle concentration values. Microscopic examination of water/surfactant systems containing these compounds shows that they form liquid crystals with patterns corresponding to typical hexagonal and lamellar structures.