Canola oil processing in Canada
- T. K. Mag
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Canola is the registered trademark of the Canola Council of Canada for the seed, oil and meal derived from rapeseed cultivars low in erucic acid and low in glucosinolates. Conversion to canola cultivars on a commercial scale started in 1976; in 1981, ca. 87% of the brassica-based oil crop in Canada was of canola quality. Canola oil is the most important oil in Canada. Processing of the oil is, in its essentials, conventional. A few problems not usually encountered with other oils are its chlorophyll content which requires extra processing and analytical effort, and certain limitations in crystallization behavior when highly hydrogenated. Advantages are that stable oils can be produced at moderate degree of hydrogenation, and without hydrogenation in the case of salad oil. New developments in processing of the oil have led to the production of acid-degummed, crude oil on a commercial scale. This opens the possibility to apply physical refining to the oil.
- Anon., Canola Dig. 15:11 (1981).
- Anon., Ibid. 16:5 (1982).
- Canadian Grain Commission, Grain Research Laboratory Crop Bulletin 153.
- Ackman, R.G., and C.A. Eaton, JAOCS 54:435 (1977).
- Appelquist, L-A., Ibid. 48:851 (1971).
- Wettström, R., in Rapeseed, edited by L-A. Appelquist and R. Ohlson, Elsevier, Amsterdam, 1972.
- Hougen, F.W., and J.K. Daun, Sulphur in Low-Glucosinolate Rapeseed Oils and Its Implication in Hydrogenation, Final Progress Report, RUAP Project No. 77-17, Canola Council of Canada, Winnipeg, 1982.
- Teasdale, B.F., in Oilseed and Pulse Crops in Western Canada, 1975, edited by J.T. Harapiuk, Modern Press, Saskatoon, Canada, 1975.
- Yuen, W., and P. Kelly, in Analytical Chemistry of Rapeseed and Its Products — A Symposium, edited by J.K. Daun, D.I. McGregor, and E.E. McGregor, Canola Council of Canada, Winnipeg, 1980.
- Daun, J.K., and F.W. Hougen, JAOCS 53:169 (1976).
- Niewiadomski, H., I. Bratkowska and E. Mossakowska, Ibid. 42:731 (1965).
- Dahlen, J., and C. Kristofferson, Factors Affecting the Quality of Crude and Refined Rapeseed Oil, Paper presented at the ISF/AOCS Joint Conference, New York, 1980.
- List, G.R., T.L. Mounts and A.J. Heakin, JAOCS 55:280 (1978).
- Ringers, H.J., and J.C. Segers, U.S. Patent 4,049,686 (1977).
- Diosady, L., Final Report on Study of Degumming Techniques, RUAP Contract No. 79-1, Canola Council of Canada, Winnipeg, 1980.
- Alfa-Laval AB, Research Disclosure No. 203:110 (1981).
- Poschelle, G.L., JAOCS 58:203 (1981).
- Leibowitz, Z., and C. Ruckenstein, New Processes in Degumming, Bleaching, Deacidification-Deodorization, and Winterizing, Paper presented at the ISF/AOCS Joint Conference, New York, 1980.
- Ong, T.L., Impact of the Preparation and Extraction Conditions of Soybeans on the Oil Quality, Paper presented at the Conference of the Deutsche Gesellschaft für Fettforschung, Freiburg, 1981.
- Kock, M., U.K. Patent 1575 785 (1980).
- Ohlson, R., and C. Svensson, JAOCS 53:8 (1976).
- Segers, J.C., Fette, Seifen, Anstrichm. 84:543 (1982). CrossRef
- Teasdale, B.F., and T.K. Mag, in High and Low Erucic Acid Rapeseed Oil, edited by J.G. Kramer, F.D. Sauer and W.J. Pigden, Academic Press, Toronto, (in press).
- Tandy, D.C., and W.G. McPherson, Physical Refining of Edible Oil, Paper presented at the 73rd AOCS Annual Meeting, Toronto, 1982.
- Grothues, B., Fette, Seifen, Anstrichm. 84:21 (1982). CrossRef
- List, G.R., T.L. Mounts, K. Warner and A.J. Heakin, JAOCS 53:227–229 (1978).
- Mag, T.K., Ibid. 50:251 (1973).
- Canola oil processing in Canada
Journal of the American Oil Chemists’ Society
Volume 60, Issue 2 , pp 380-384
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- 1. Research Centre, Canada Packers Inc., M6N 1K4, Toronto, Ontario, Canada