, Volume 71, Issue 9, pp 1007-1012

Comparison of processes for the supercritical carbon dioxide extraction of oil from soybean seeds

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Abstract

Three different process alternatives for the production of soybean oil by supercritical carbon dioxide extraction were analyzed. The first two processes were organized according to the classical scheme, based on high-pressure extraction followed by separation induced by pressure reduction. Different techniques were used to recover the solvent in these two schemes, in the liquid and in the gas phases, respectively. The third alternative was based on an isobaric scheme—the oil, extracted at high pressure, was separated by chainging the temperature in the separator. In a further improvement, a technique for the heat transfer network integration was added to all the process schemes. The different schemes were used to establish the process configuration that can produce a lower operating cost for soybean oil extraction. Operating costs were considered on an industrial scale to carry out a screening of the different alternatives. The operating cost of these plants were then compared with the hexane extraction process. A substantial reduction in the specific costs was obtained in the case of heat transfer integration, and the operating costs fell in the same range as conventional extraction plants.