Lipids

, Volume 27, Issue 1, pp 25–32

Alteration in mouse splenic phospholipid fatty acid composition and lymphoid cell populations by dietary fat

  • Shu-Cai Huang
  • Kevin L. Fritsche
Article

DOI: 10.1007/BF02537054

Cite this article as:
Huang, SC. & Fritsche, K.L. Lipids (1992) 27: 25. doi:10.1007/BF02537054

Abstract

The fatty acid composition of diacyl- and alkylacylglycerophosphocholine (PC), phosphatidylinositol (PI), phosphatidylserine (PS), alkenylacyl-glycerophosphoethanolamine (aPE), and diacyl- and alkylacyl-glycerophosphoethanolamine (dPE) was assessed in isolated splenocytes from C3H/Hen mice fed one of four purified isocaloric diets for six weeks. Diets contained 20% by weight of either a high-linoleate sunflower oil (Hi 18∶2), a high-oleate sunflower oil (Hi 18∶1), a mixture of 17% menhaden fish oil and 3% high-linoleate sunflower oil (Hi n−3), or a mixture of 17% coconut oil and 3% high-linoleate sunflower oil (Hi SFA). Spleen weight and immune cell yield were significantly higher (P<0.05) in mice fed the Hi 18∶1 or the Hi n−3 diets compared with those fed the Hi 18∶2 and Hi SFA diets. Distinctive patterns of fatty acids were observed for each phospholipid in response to dietary fatty acids. Dietary fat significantly affected (P<0.05) total polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) in PC and dPE, total saturated fatty acids (SFA) in PC, total monounsaturated fatty acids (MUFA), and n−3 PUFA in all phospholipid classes examined. In mice fed the Hi n−3 diet, n−3 PUFA were significantly elevated, whereas n−6 PUFA decreased in all of the phospholipids. In these mice, eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) was the predominant n−3 PUFA in PC and PI, whereas docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) was the major n−3 PUFA in aPE and PS. Interestingly, the ratios of n−3/n−6 PUFA in the phospholipids from these mice were 3.2, 2.4, 1.8, 0.8 and 0.8 for aPE, PS, dPE, PC and PI, respectively. These data suggest a preferential incorporation of n−3 PUFA into aPE, PS and dPE over PC and PI.

Abbreviations

AA

arachidonic acid

DHA

docosahexaenoic acid

DPA

docosapentaenoic acid

EPA

eicosapentaenoic acid

FAME

fatty acid methyl esters

GC

gas chromatography

Hi 18∶1

higholeate sunflower oil

Hi 18∶2

high-linoleate sunflower oil

Hi n−3

a mixture of 17% menhaden fish oil and 3% high-linoleate sunflower oil

Hi SFA

a mixture of 17% coconut oil and 3% high-linoleate sunflower oil

HPTLC

high-performance thin-layer chromatography

MUFA

monounsaturated fatty acids

PC

diacyl- and alkylacylglycerophosphocholine

aPE

alkenylacyl-glycerophosphoethanolamine

dPE

diacyl- and alkylacyl-glycerophosphoethanolamine

PI

phosphatidylinositol

PMN

polymorphonuclear leukocytes

PS

phosphatidylserine

PUFA

polyunsaturated fatty acids

SFA

saturated fatty acids

TLC

thin-layer chromatography

Copyright information

© American Oil Chemists’ Society 1992

Authors and Affiliations

  • Shu-Cai Huang
    • 1
  • Kevin L. Fritsche
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Animal SciencesUniversity of Missouri-ColumbiaColumbia
  2. 2.110 Animal Sciences Research CenterUniversity of Missouri-ColumbiaColumbia