Generation of phospholipid artefacts during extraction of developing soybean seeds with methanolic solvents
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- Roughan, P.G., Slack, C.R. & Holland, R. Lipids (1978) 13: 497. doi:10.1007/BF02533620
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The major phospholipids of soybean cotyledons during development were phosphatidylcholine (45–55%), phosphatidylethanolamine (24–28%), and phosphatidylinositol (15–18%) when the tissue was steam-killed prior to extraction of the lipids. The only other phospholipids of any significance (4–6%) was identified as phosphatidylglycerol. Phosphatidic acid was a minor constituent (<1%), and neither N-acyl phosphatidylethanolamine norbis-phosphatidic acid were detected in appreciable (>0.1% of the total lipid phosphorus) quantities. When fresh cotyledons were rapidly homogenized in mixtures of chloroform and methanol or in methanol alone, phosphatidylmethanol was formed in variable amounts (0–20% of the total phospholipid), and when cotyledons were soaked in methanol prior to homogenizing, phosphatidylmethanol became the major phospholipid, accounting for up to 75% of the total lipid phosphorus. Phosphatidylmethanol was formed by the phospholipase D-catalyzed transphosphatidylation of phosphatidylcholine and phosphatidylethanolamine during extraction.