The effects of planktivorous fishes on the plankton community in a eutrophic lake Part Eight: Management DOI:
Cite this article as: Miura, T. Hydrobiologia (1990) 200: 567. doi:10.1007/BF02530374 Abstract
Stocking silver carp, a phytoplankton feeder, and bighead carp, an omnivorous plankton feeder, into an eutrophic lake at high densities caused a dramatic change in the lake ecosystem.
Microcystis, which had been dominant in summer and a main food of the fishes decreased markedly, and green algae smaller than 10 µm then became dominant. Consequently, chlorophyll- a per unit area decreased slightly, while the rate of production was higher than that in the previous years. As the total density of the fishes increased (from 0.09 to 0.11 fish m −2), the growth of silver carp was retarded, while that of bighead carp increased. Microcystis, was unable to become dominant due to increased grazing pressure by the fishes, and small green algae became dominant. The lake conditions thus became more favourable for zooplankters which selectively consumed small green algae, and accordingly, the production of zooplankton rose. Bighead carp consumed more animal food, which they assimilate at a higher rate than plant food, and grew better in spite of the fact that the fish density increased. The feeding rate of silver carp was greatly reduced because the green algae were too small to ingest, and the fish therefore grew poorly. Results of a computer simulation of a model consisting of five compartments, representing the blue-green algae, green algae, zooplankton, silver and bighead carp, support the food-web change observed in the lake. Key words eutrophic lake fish plankton feeders silver carp bighead carp food web dynamics algal change biomanipulation References
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