Mind & Society

, Volume 1, Issue 1, pp 95-107

First online:

Deduction and induction: Reasoning through mental models

  • Bruno G. BaraAffiliated withCentro di Scienza Cognitiva, Università di Torino Email author 
  • , Monica BucciarelliAffiliated withCentro di Scienza Cognitiva, Università di Torino

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In this paper we deal with two types of reasoning: induction, and deduction First, we present a unified computational model of deductive reasoning through models, where deduction occurs in five phases: Construction, Integration, Conclusion, Falsification, and Response. Second, we make an attempt, to analyze induction through the same phases. Our aim is an explorative evaluation of the mental processes possibly shared by deductive and inductive reasoning.


deduction induction mental models