American Journal of Community Psychology

, Volume 22, Issue 1, pp 49-82

Gender and coping: The dual-axis model of coping

  • Stevan E. HobfollAffiliated withKent State University
  • , Carla L. DunahooAffiliated withKent State University
  • , Yossef Ben-PorathAffiliated withKent State University
  • , Jeannine MonnierAffiliated withKent State University

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Examined a dual-axis model of coping that included both action (active vs. passive) and social dimensions (prosocial vs. antisocial) of coping strategies among a combined sample of students and community residents. We developed an assessment device to represent the model and allow investigation. Mixed support for the model and instrument were noted. Women were more prosocial than men in their coping, but no less active. Men were more likely to use antisocial and aggressive, but less assertive coping strategies than women. More prosocial, action coping strategies were also more likely to be related to greater sense of mastery and more liberal gender-role orientation. Antisocial and passive strategies tended to be related to lower mastery and more traditional gender-role orientation. Active coping was related to lower emotional distress for men and women, but both prosocial and antisocial coping were related to greater emotional distress for men, suggesting that men may have a narrower band of beneficial coping strategies than do women.

Key words

coping stress gender communal collectivist