Article

Journal of Fourier Analysis and Applications

, Volume 4, Issue 4, pp 629-642

Well-posedness of a semilinear heat equation with weak initial data

  • Jiahong WuAffiliated withUniversity of Texas at Austin

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Abstract

This article mainly consists of two parts. In the first part the initial value problem (IVP) of the semilinear heat equation
$$\begin{gathered} \partial _t u - \Delta u = \left| u \right|^{k - 1} u, on \mathbb{R}^n x(0,\infty ), k \geqslant 2 \hfill \\ u(x,0) = u_0 (x), x \in \mathbb{R}^n \hfill \\ \end{gathered} $$
with initial data in\(\dot L_{r,p} \) is studied. We prove the well-posedness when
$$1< p< \infty , \frac{2}{{k(k - 1)}}< \frac{n}{p} \leqslant \frac{2}{{k - 1}}, and r =< \frac{n}{p} - \frac{2}{{k - 1}}( \leqslant 0)$$
and construct non-unique solutions for
$$1< p< \frac{{n(k - 1)}}{2}< k + 1, and r< \frac{n}{p} - \frac{2}{{k - 1}}.$$
In the second part the well-posedness of the avove IVP for k=2 with μ0ɛH s (ℝ n ) is proved if
$$ - 1< s, for n = 1, \frac{n}{2} - 2< s, for n \geqslant 2.$$
and this result is then extended for more general nonlinear terms and initial data. By taking special values of r, p, s, and u0, these well-posedness results reduce to some of those previously obtained by other authors [4, 14].