The botanical magazine = Shokubutsu-gaku-zasshi

, Volume 96, Issue 4, pp 299–312

Comparative studies on the reproductive systems ofCardamine flexuosa, C. impatients, C. scutata, andC. lyrata, cruciferae

  • Mikio Kimata

DOI: 10.1007/BF02488175

Cite this article as:
Kimata, M. Bot. Mag. Tokyo (1983) 96: 299. doi:10.1007/BF02488175


The reproductive systems of fourCardamine species were compared.C. flexuosa ssp.flexuosa, a self-pollinated winter annual in fallow paddy fields, produces numerous small seeds.C. flexuosa ssp.fallax, a self-pollinated year-long annual in gardens and roadsides, also produces many small seeds.C. impatiens, a self-pollinated annual in forest margins, similarly produces numerous small seeds.C. scutata is a self-pollinated perennial in ill-drained paddy fields and creeks; its vegetative reproduction is not predominant, and it produces relatively many seeds.C. lyrata, a cross-pollinated perennial with self-incompatibility in ill-drained paddy fields and creeks, produces fewer and heavier seeds, but it does produce many ramets. Moreover, in seed-dispersal mechanisms and germination behavior of fourCardamine species several adaptive characteristics to their habitats are found. These observations on the reproductive systems of fourCardamine species apparently present different characteristics of life-history strategy for each of them.

Key words

Annual growth habitCardamineColonizing speciesLife-history strategyPerennial growth habitReproductive systems

Copyright information

© The Botanical Society of Japan 1983

Authors and Affiliations

  • Mikio Kimata
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Agricultural BotanyTokyo Gakugei UniversityTokyo