, Volume 30, Issue 1, pp 39-47

Projections of the central cerebellar nuclei to the intralaminar thalamic nuclei in cats

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Abstract

Projections of the central cerebellar nuclei to the intralaminar thalamic nuclei were studied in cats with the use of light and electron microscopy. Almost all intralaminar nuclei were shown to obtain cerebello-thalamic projections. The entire complex of the central cerebellar nuclei serves as a source of such projections; yet, involvement of different nuclei is dissimilar. Destruction of the central and, especially, caudal regions of the fastigial nucleus evoked in the intralaminar thalamic nuclei degenerative changes in the nerve fibers (from swelling and development of varicosities up to total fragmentation). Pathological phenomena could be noticed in the most caudal regions of the above thalamic nuclear group, including the medial dorsal nucleus. Projections of the cerebellar interpositus nucleus were directed toward nearly the same regions of the intralaminar nuclei; degeneration was more intensive (covered thecentrum medianum) when posterior regions of the interpositus nucleus were destroyed. Destruction of the lateral cerebellar nucleus evoked a similar pattern of pathological changes, but degeneration was also observed in some structures of the ventral and anterior nuclear groups of the thalamus. Electron microscopic examination showed that degeneration of dark and light types developed in the fiber preterminals and terminals. It can be concluded that the central cerebellar nuclei project not only to the ventral complex of the thalamic nuclei, but also to the anterior, medial, and intralaminar nuclear groups (rostral and caudal portions).