, Volume 31, Issue 1, pp 43-52

In vitro comparison of different signal processing algorithms used in laser Doppler flowmetry

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Abstract

The paper reports the results of investigations comparing the relative in vitro responses of different signal processing algorithms commonly employed in laser Doppler flowmetry (LDF). A versatile laser Doppler system is described which enabled complex signal processing to be implemented relatively simply using digital analysis. The flexibility of the system allowed a variety of processing algorithms to be studied by simply characterising the algorithm of interest under software control using a personal computer. An in vitro physical model is also presented which was used to maintain reproducible fluid flows. Flows of particles were studied in a physical model using both a near-infra-red (NIR) diode and an He/Ne laser source. The results show that frequency-weighted algorithms are responsive to both particle velocity and concentration, whereas non-weighted algorithms respond to concentration only. The linearity of the velocity response is critically dependent on both the dimensions of the in vitro model and the frequency bandwidth of the signalprocessing algorithm.