International Journal of Anthropology

, Volume 10, Issue 2, pp 107-123

First online:

A brief review of studies and comments on ancient Egyptian biological relationships

  • S. O. Y. KeitaAffiliated withDept. of Sociology-Anthropology Anatomy and Plastic Surgery, Howard University

Rent the article at a discount

Rent now

* Final gross prices may vary according to local VAT.

Get Access


A review of studies covering the biological relationship of the ancient Egyptians was undertaken. An overview of the data from the studies suggests that the major biological affinities of early southern Egyptians lay with tropical Africans. The range of indigenous tropical African phenotypes is great; and this range of variation must be considered in any discussion of the Nile Valley peoples. The early southern Egyptians belonged primarily to an African descent group which gained some Near Eastern affinity through gene flow with the passage of time.

Key words

Egyptian predynastic metric non-metric morphological