, Volume 13, Issue 2, pp 97-105

Aerobic power and anthropometric characteristics of Hungarian schoolboys

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A sample of 989 male youngsters aged 11–18 years was subdivided into three groups by the type and amount of their physical activity as follows.

Group 1 (G1) had a maximum of three curricular PE classes a week, without any additional organized physical activity. With the same number of PE lessons Group 2 (G2) had at most three sessions of sports training per week in addition. Group 3 (G3) had a weekly minimum of five training sessions in addition to the PE lessons at school.

The subjects of G3 had significantly higher relative aerobic power, larger relative muscle mass and smaller relative body fat content than the subjects of the other two groups.

The effects of sports training on the development of physical working capacity are undeniable, but to explain such differences observed in relative aerobic power between the groups requires also the consideration of inheritance and selection procedure.