European Journal of Epidemiology

, Volume 8, Issue 1, pp 22–26

Campylobacter enteritis in Portugal: Epidemiological features and biological markers

Authors

  • J. Cabrita
    • Dept. HygieneFaculty Pharmacy of Lisbon
  • I. Pires
    • Laboratory of BacteriologyNational Institute of Health
  • L. Vlaes
    • WHO Collaborating Centre for Enteric Campylobacter-Saint-Pieter-University HospitalFree University of Brussels
  • H. Coignau
    • WHO Collaborating Centre for Enteric Campylobacter-Saint-Pieter-University HospitalFree University of Brussels
  • J. Levy
    • WHO Collaborating Centre for Enteric Campylobacter-Saint-Pieter-University HospitalFree University of Brussels
  • H. Goossens
    • WHO Collaborating Centre for Enteric Campylobacter-Saint-Pieter-University HospitalFree University of Brussels
  • A. Penha Goncalves
    • Dept. HygieneFaculty Pharmacy of Lisbon
  • P. de Mol
    • WHO Collaborating Centre for Enteric Campylobacter-Saint-Pieter-University HospitalFree University of Brussels
  • J. P. Butzler
    • WHO Collaborating Centre for Enteric Campylobacter-Saint-Pieter-University HospitalFree University of Brussels
Article

DOI: 10.1007/BF02427387

Cite this article as:
Cabrita, J., Pires, I., Vlaes, L. et al. Eur J Epidemiol (1992) 8: 22. doi:10.1007/BF02427387

Abstract

From 1984 to 1989, stool samples from 2811 gastroenteritis cases were examined for the presence ofCampylobacter jejuni andC. Coli, Salmonella, Shigella andYersinia species. Isolation rates were:Campylobacter jejuni andC. Coli, 5.3%,Salmonella spp., 14.8%,Shigella spp., 4.6% andYersinia enterocolitica, 1.1%.

Age group distribution analysis shows a higherCampylobacter isolation rate in children under one year of age. Seasonal distribution revealed a peak incidence in winter as in other Meditteranean countries.

Predominant biotypes wereC. jejuni I (51%),C. jejuni II (21.5%) andC. coli I (18.8%). Antimicrobial susceptibility testing did not reveal resistance to erythromycin. Thirty of the strains harboured plasmids with 7 different profiles.

Key words

CampylobacterPortugalEpidemiologyBiotypingPlasmidsAntimicrobial resistance

Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 1992