Alekseeva, T. A., V. V. Zinichev & A. I. Zotin, 1992. Energy criteria of reliability and stability of development, pp. 159–165 in Developmental Stability in Natural Populations, edited by V. M. Zakharov & J. H. Graham. Volume 191, Acta Zoologica Fennica, Finnish Zoological Publishing Board, Helsinki.
Ashby, W. R., 1956. An Introduction to Cybernetics. John Wiley and Sons, New York.
Bailly, F., F. Gaill & R. Mosseri. 1991. A dynamical system for biological development: the case ofCaenorhabditis elegans
. Acta Biotheoretica 39: 167–184.CrossRefPubMed
Bergé, P., Y. Pomeau & C. Vidal, 1984. Order Within Chaos: Towards a Deterministic Approach to Turbulence. John Wiley and Sons, New York.
Cunningham, W. J., 1963. The concept of stability. American Scientist 51: 425–436.
De Pomerai, D., 1990. From Gene to Animal: An Introduction to the Molecular Biology of Animal Development. 2nd Edition. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.
Devroetes, P., 1989.Dictyostelium discoideum: a model system for cell-cell interactions in development. Science 245: 1054–1058.
Emlen, J. M., D. C. Freeman & J. H. Graham, 1993. Nonlinear growth dynamics and the origin of fluctuating asymmetry, pp. 77–96 in Developmental Instability: Origins and Evolutionary Significance, edited by T. Markow, Kluwer, Dordrecht, The Netherlands.
Freeman, D. C., J. H. Graham & J. M. Emlen, 1993. Developmental stability in plants: symmetries, stress, and epigenetic effects, pp. 97–119 in Developmental Instability: Origins and Evolutionary Significance, edited by T. Markow. Kluwer, Dordrecht, The Netherlands.
Gilbert, S. F., 1991. Developmental Biology, 3rd Edition. Sinauer Associates, Sunderland, Massachusetts.
Glass, L., editor, 1991. Nonlinear Dynamics of Physiological Function and Control. Chaos 1: 1-132.
Goldbeter, A. & J. L. Martiel, 1987. Periodic behaviour and chaos in the mechanism of intercellular communication governing aggregation ofDictyostelium amoebae, pp. 79–89 in Chaos in Biological Systems, edited by H. Degn, A. V. Holden & L. F. Olsen. Plenum Press, New York.
Goodwin, B., 1971. A model of early amphibian development, pp. 417–428 in British Society of Experimental Biology Symposium 25, edited by D. D. Davies & M. Balls. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.
Govind, C. K. & J. Pearce, 1986. Differential reflex activity determines claw and closer muscle asymmetry in developing lobsters. Science 233: 354–356.PubMed
Govind, C. K. & J. Pearce, 1992. Mechanoreceptors and minimal reflex activity determining claw laterality in developing lobsters. Journal of Experimental Biology 171: 149–162.
Graham, J. H., D. C. Freeman & J. M. Emlen, 1993. Developmental instability: a sensitive indicator of populations under stress, pp. 136–158 in Environmental Toxicology and Risk Assessment, ASTM STP 1179, edited by G. Landis, J. Hughes & M. A. Lewis. American Society for Testing and Materials, Philadelphia.
Graham, J. H., K. Roe & T. West. Effects of lead and benzene on the developmental stability ofDrosophila melanogaster. Ecotoxicology (in press).
Grassberger, P. & I. Procaccia, 1983. Measuring the strangeness of strange attractors. Physical Review Letters 50: 346–369.CrossRef
Hummel, K. P. & D. B. Chapman, 1959. Visceral asymmetry and associated anomalies in the mouse. Journal of Heredity 50: 9–13.
Layton, W. M., Jr., 1976. Random determination of a developmental process. Journal of Heredity 67: 336–338.PubMed
Leary, R. F. & F. W. Allendorf, 1989. Fluctuating asymmetry as an indicator of stress: implications for conservation biology. Trends in Ecology and Evolution 4: 214–217.CrossRef
Lewis, J., J. M. Slack & L. Wolpert, 1977. Thresholds in development. Journal of Theoretical Biology 65: 579–590.CrossRefPubMed
Lewontin, R. C., 1986. Gene, organism, and environment, pp. 273–285 in Evolution from Molecules to Men, edited by D. S. Bendall. Cambridge University Press, New York.
Markert, C. L. & R. M. Petters, 1978. Manufactured hexaparental mice show that adults are derived from three embryonic cells. Science 202: 56–58.PubMed
Mather, K., 1953. Genetical control of stability in development. Heredity 7: 297–336.
Maynard-Smith, J., 1960. Continuous, quantized and modal variation. Proceedings of the Royal Society 152: 397–409.CrossRef
McKenzie, J. A. & G. M. Clarke, 1988. Diazanon resistance, fluctuating asymmetry and fitness in the Australian sheep blowfly,Lucilia cuprina
. Genetics 120: 213–220.PubMed
McKenzie, J. A., P. Batterham & L. Baker, 1990. Fitness and asymmetry modification as an evolutionary process: A study in the Australian sheep blowfly,Lucilia cuprina andDrosophila melanogaster, pp. 57–73 in Ecological and Evolutionary Genetics of Drosophila, edited by J. S. F. Barker. Plenum Press, New York.
McKenzie, J. A. & K. O'Farrell, 1993. Modification of developmental instability and fitness: malathion-resistance in the Australian sheep blowfly,Lucilia cuprina, pp. 67–76 in Developmental Instability: Origins and Evolutionary Significance, edited by T. Markow. Kluwer, Dordrecht, The Netherlands.
Meinhardt, H., 1982. Models of Biological Pattern Formation. Academic Press, New York.
Morgan, M. J. & M. C. Corballis, 1978. On the biological basis of human laterality. II The mechanism of inheritance. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 2: 270–277.
Olsen, L. F. & H. Degn, 1977. Chaos in an enzymatic reaction. Nature 267: 177–178.CrossRefPubMed
Osgood, D. W., 1978. Effects of temperature on the development of meristic characters inNatrix fasciata
. Copeia 1978: 33–47.CrossRef
Ozernyuk, N. D., V. I. Dyomin, E. A. Prokofyev & I. M. Androsova, 1992. Energy homeostasis and developmental stability, pp. 167–175 in Developmental Stability in Natural Populations, edited by V. M. Zakharov and J. H. Graham. Volume 191, Acta Zoologica Fennica, Finnish Zoological Publishing Board, Helsinki.
Palmer, A. R. & C. Strobeck, 1986. Fluctuating asymmetry: measurement, analysis, patterns. Annual Review of Ecology and Systematics 17: 391–421.CrossRef
Palmer, A. R. & C. Strobeck, 1992. Fluctuating asymmetry as a measure of developmental stability: implications of non-normal distributions and power of statistical tests, pp. 57–72 in Developmental Stability in Natural Populations, edited by V. M. Zakharov and J. H. Graham. Volume 191, Acta Zoologica Fennica, Finnish Zoological Publishing Board, Helsinki.
Parisi, J., B. Röhricht, J. Peinke & O. E. Rössler, 1987. Turbulent morphogenesis of a prototype model reaction-diffusion system, pp. 91–95 in Chaos in Biological Systems, edited by H. Degn, A. V. Holden & L. F. Olsen. Plenum Press, New York.
Pearson, J. E. & W. Horsthemke, 1989. Turing instabilities with nearly equal diffusion coefficients. Journal of Chemistry and Physics 90: 1588–1599.CrossRef
Ransom, R., 1981. Computers and Embryos: Models in Developmental Biology. John Wiley and Sons, New York.
Reeve, E. C. R., 1960. Some genetic tests on asymmetry of sternopleural chaeta number inDrosophila
. Genetical Research 1: 151–172.CrossRef
Saunders, P. T., 1980. An Introduction to Catastrophe Theory. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.
Saunders, P. T. & C. Kubal, 1989. Bifurcations and the epigenetic landscape, pp. 16–30 in Theoretical Biology: Epigenetic and Evolutionary Order from Complex Systems, edited by B. Goodwin & P. Saunders. Edinburgh University Press, Edinburgh.
Savageau, M. A., 1989. Are there rules governing patterns of gene regulation?, pp. 42–66 in Theoretical Biology: Epigenetic and Evolutionary Order from Complex Systems, edited by B. Goodwin & P. Saunders. Edinburgh University Press, Edinburgh.
Shaw, R., 1985. The Dripping Faucet as a Model Chaotic System. Aerial Press, Santa Cruz.
Smale, S., 1974. A mathematical model of two cells via Turing's equation. Lectures on Mathematics in the Life Sciences 6: 15–26.
Soulé, M. & J. Cuzin-Roudy, 1982. Allomeric variation. 2. Developmental instability of extreme phenotypes. American Naturalist 120: 765–768.CrossRef
Sternberg, P. W., 1991. Control of cell lineage and cell fate during nematode development, pp. 177–225 in Current Topics in Developmental Biology, Volume 25, edited by H. R. Bode. Academic Press, New York.
Sugihara, G. & R. M. May, 1990. Nonlinear forecasting as a way of distinguishing chaos from measurement error in time series. Nature 344: 734–741.CrossRefPubMed
Sulston, J. E., E. Schierenberg, J. G. White & J. N. Thomson, 1983. The embryonic cell lineage of the nematodeCaenorhabditis elegans
. Developmental Biology 100: 64–119.CrossRefPubMed
Thom, R., 1972. Structural Stability and Morphogenesis. Benjamin, New York.
Thom, R., 1989. An inventory of Waddingtonian concepts, pp. 1–7 in Theoretical Biology: Epigenetic and Evolutionary Order from Complex Systems, edited by B. Goodwin & P. Saunders. Edinburgh University Press, Edinburgh.
Timofeéf-Ressovsky, N. W., 1934. Über den Einfluss des gentypischen Milieus und der Aussenbedingungen auf die Realisation des Genotyps. Nachrichten Göttingen Gesell. Math. Physik. Kl (6) 1: 53–104.
Turing, A., 1952. The chemical basis of morphogenesis. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B 237: 37–72.
Van Valen, L., 1962. A study of fluctuating asymmetry. Evolution 16: 125–142.CrossRef
Van Valen, L., 1978. The control of handedness. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 2: 320.CrossRef
Vastano, J. A., J. E. Pearson, W. Horsthemke & H. L. Swinney, 1987. Chemical pattern formation with equal diffusion coefficients. Physics Letters A. 124(6,7): 320–324.CrossRef
Waddington, C., 1940. Organizers and Genes. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.
Waddington, C., 1957. The Strategy of the Genes. Allen and Unwin, London.
West, B. J., 1987. Fractals, intermittancy and morphogenesis, pp. 305–314 in Chaos in Biological Systems, edited by H. Degn, A. V. Holden & L. F. Olsen. Plenum Press, New York.
West, B. J., 1990. Fractal Physiology and Chaos in Medicine. World Scientific, Singapore.
Whitney, C. A., 1990. Random Processes in Physical Systems: An Introduction to Probability-based Computer Simulations. John Wiley and Sons, New York.
Wodzicki, T. J. & S. Zajaczkowski, 1989. Auxin waves in cambium and morphogenetic information in plants, pp. 45–64 in Signals in Plant Development, edited by J. Krekule and F. Seidová. Academic Publishing, The Hague.
Wolf, S. D., W. K. Silk & R. E. Plant, 1986. Quantitative patterns of leaf expansion: comparison of normal and malformed growth inVitis vinifera
cv Ruby Red. American Journal of Botany 73: 832–846.CrossRef
Yuge, M. & K. Yamana, 1989. Regulation of the dorsal axial structures in cell-deficient embryos ofXenopus laevis
. Development, Growth, and Differentiation 31: 315–324.CrossRef
Zakharov, V. M., 1987. Animal Asymmetry: A Population-Phenogenetic Approach. Nauka, Moscow. (in Russian)
Zakharov, V. M., 1989. Future prospects for population phenogenetics. Soviet Science Reviews F Physiology and General Biology 4: 1–79.
Zakharov, V. M. & J. H. Graham, editors, 1992. Developmental Stability in Natural Populations. Volume 191, Acta Zoologica Fennica, Finnish Zoological Publishing Board, Helsinki.
Zeeman, C., 1989. A new concept of stability, pp. 8–15 in Theoretical Biology: Epigenetic and Evolutionary Order from Complex Systems, edited by B. Goodwin & P. Saunders. Edinburgh University Press, Edinburgh.