Experiments in Fluids

, Volume 17, Issue 1, pp 105–109

In-plane determination of 3D-velocity vectors using particle tracking anemometry (PTA)

  • W. Stolz
  • J. Köhler

DOI: 10.1007/BF02412811

Cite this article as:
Stolz, W. & Köhler, J. Experiments in Fluids (1994) 17: 105. doi:10.1007/BF02412811


A PTA-technique for the in-plane determination of the three flow velocity vector components based on the defocused imaging of stray-particles has been investigated. The conventional setup for 2-D PTA has been modified by broadening the laser light-sheet to a width of approximately 1.5 mm and focusing the imaging optics in a plane in front of the laser light-sheet. Particles in the light-sheet are imaged out of focus and the image size of a particle therefore depends on its distance to the focal plane of the imaging optics. The increase of the particle image diameter within single particle tracks due to the defocusing was used to determine the velocity component perpendicular to the light-sheet. The results obtained with this technique in a well defined laminar air flow are in good agreement with LDV-data.

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 1994

Authors and Affiliations

  • W. Stolz
    • 1
  • J. Köhler
    • 1
  1. 1.Institut für Physikalische Elektronik, Universität StuttgartStuttgartGermany

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