Experimental Mechanics

, Volume 43, Issue 4, pp 396-402

Digital speckle correlation for strain measurement by image analysis

  • D. AmodioAffiliated withDepartment of Mechanics, University of Ancona, via Brecce Bianche
  • , G. B. BroggiatoAffiliated withDepartment of Mechanics and Aeronautics, University of Rome “La Sapienza”
  • , F. CampanaAffiliated withDepartment of Mechanics and Aeronautics, University of Rome “La Sapienza”
  • , G. M. NewazAffiliated withDepartment of Mechanical Engineering, Wayne State University

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This paper is concerned with small strain measurement utilizing the numerical processing of digital images. The proposed method has its theoretical basis in digital signal analysis and, from a methodological point of view, it can be considered as an extension to digital images of the wellknown white light speckle photography technique. That conventional method is based on the analysis of photographic plates that are exposed twice (before and after the specimen deformation) with the image of a random speckle pattern that has been previously printed on the test piece surface. The digital speckle correlation advantages consist of requiring a very simple specimen preparation and, mainly, of allowing the strain field computation just by numerical elaboration of the acquired images.

In this paper, the theoretical basis of the technique and some valuable improvements to the known analogous methodologies are presented. Finally, test results for an application of digital speckle correlation are shown and advantages and disadvantages of the technique are elaborated. In addition, further developments in this area are discussed.

Key Words

Speckle methods speckle photography speckle correlation strain analysis image processing