Environmental variation, life history attributes, and community structure in stream fishes: Implications for environmental management and assessment
- Isaac J. Schlosser
- … show all 1 hide
Purchase on Springer.com
$39.95 / €34.95 / £29.95*
Rent the article at a discountRent now
* Final gross prices may vary according to local VAT.
Fishes in midwestern streams of the United States experience strong upstream—downstream gradients in natural environmental variability. Upstream fishes experience greater temporal variability in physical—chemical conditions than downstream fishes, particularly in intermittent streams. Associated with these changes in environmental variability, basic changes occur in life history attributes and temporal variation in community structure of stream fishes. As a whole, upstream species have a shorter life-span, smaller body size, and earlier sexual maturity than downstream species. Descriptive studies also suggest upstream species exhibit more rapid recolonization after severe physical disturbance than downstream species, and fish community structure is temporally more variable in upstream than downstream areas. These longitudinal differences in life history characteristics suggest that upstream fish communities will exhibit more rapid recovery from severe anthropogenic disturbances than downstream fish communities. The greater temporal variability of fish community structure in upstream areas also suggests it will be more difficult in upstream than downstream areas to use fish-based indices to distinguish whether subtle changes in environmental quality are due to natural or anthropogenic disturbances. Long-term monitoring of fishes throughout drainage basins is critically needed to establish more precisely the natural range of variation in community structure. Such monitoring will allow regulatory agencies to distinguish, with greater confidence, the influence of anthropogenic disturbances on stream fishes from the influence of natural environmental variation.
Supplementary Material (0)
- Becker, G. C. 1983. Fishes of Wisconsin, 1st ed. University of Wisconsin Press, Madison. 1052 pp.
- Cairns, J., Jr. 1990. Lack of theoretical basis for predicting rate and pathways of recovery.Environmental Management 14:517–526.
- Coon, T. G. 1987. Response of benthic riffle fishes to variation in stream discharge and temperature. Pages 77–85in W. J. Matthews and D. C. Heins (eds.), Community and evolutionary ecology of North American stream fishes. University of Oklahoma Press, Norman.
- Curry, R. R. 1976. Watershed from and process the elegant balance.The Coevolution Quarterly Winter 1976/77:14–21.
- Dunne, T., and L. B. Leopold. 1978. Water in environmental planning. W. H. Freeman, San Francisco, California. 818 pp.
- Elwood, J. W., and T. F. Waters. 1969. Effects of floods on food consumption and production rates of a stream brook trout population.Transactions of the American Fisheries Society 98:253–262. CrossRef
- Finger, T. R., and E. M. Stewart. 1987. Response of fishes to flooding regime in lowland hardwood wetlands, Pages 86–92in W. J. Matthews and D. C. Heins (eds.), Community and evolutionary ecology of North American stream fishes. University of Oklahoma Press, Norman.
- Fisher, S. G., L. J. Gray, N. B. Grimm, and D. E. Busch. 1982. Temporal succession in a desert stream ecosystem following flash flooding.Ecological Monographs 52:93–110. CrossRef
- Gore, J. A., and A. M. Milner. 1990. Island biogeographical theory: can it be used to predict lotic community recovery rates?Environmental Management 14:737–754.
- Harrell, R. C., and T. C. Dorris. 1968. Stream order, physiochemical conditions, and community structure of benthic macroinvertebrates in an intermittent stream system.American Midland Naturalist 80:220–251. CrossRef
- Horwitz, R. J. 1978. Temporal variability patterns and the distributional patterns of stream fishes.Ecological Monographs 48:307–321. CrossRef
- Hynes, H. B. N. 1970. The ecology of running waters. University of Toronto Press, Toronto, Ontario. 555 pp.
- Karr, J. R., L. A. Toth, and G. D. Garman. 1983. Habitat preservation for midwest stream fishes: principles and guidelines. US Environmental Protection Agency, Corvallis, Oregon. EPA-600/03-83-006.
- Karr, J. R., L. A. Toth, and D. R. Dudley. 1985. Fish communities of midwestern rivers: a history of degradation.Bioscience 35:90–95. CrossRef
- Karr, J. R., K. D. Fausch, P. L. Angermeier, P. R. Yant, and I. J. Schlosser. 1986. Assessment of biological integrity in running waters: a method and its rationale. Illinois Natural History Special Publication 5, Champaign. 28 pp.
- Karr, J. R., P. R. Yant, K. D. Fausch, and I. J. Schlosser. 1987. Spatial and temporal variability of the index of biotic integrity in three midwestern streams.Transactions of the American Fisheries Society 116:1–11. CrossRef
- Keller, E. A. 1977. The fluvial system: selected observations. Pages 39–46in A. Sands (ed.) Riparian forests in California: their ecology and conservation. Institute of Ecology Publication No. 15. University of California, Davis.
- Langbein, W. B., and L. B. Leopold. 1966. River meanders—theory of minimum variance. United States Geological Survey Professional Paper 422-H. United States Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.
- Larimore, R. W., W. F. Childers, and C. Heckrote. 1959. Destruction and reestablishment of stream fish and invertebrates effected by droughts.Transactions of the American Fisheries Society 88:261–285. CrossRef
- Leopold, L. B., and W. B. Langbein. 1962. The concept of entropy in landscape evolution. United States Geological Survey Professional Paper 500-A. United States Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.
- Leopold, L. B., M. G. Wolman, and J. P. Miller. 1964. Fluvial processes in geomorphology. W. H. Freeman, San Francisco, California. 522 pp.
- Lewontin, R. C. 1966. On the measurement of relative variability.Systematic Zoology 15:141–142.
- Mendelson, J. 1975. Feeding relationships among species ofNotropis in a Wisconsin stream.Ecological Monographs 45:199–230. CrossRef
- Muncy, R. J., G. J. Atchison, R. V. Bulkley, B. W. Menzel, L. G. Perry, and R. C. Summerfelt. 1979. Effects of suspended solids and sediment on reproduction of early life history stages of warmwater fishes: a review. United States Environmental Protection Agency, Corvallis, Oregon. EPA-600/3-79-042.
- Neel, J. K. 1951. Interrelations of certain physical and chemical features in a headwater limestone stream.Ecology 32:368–391. CrossRef
- Pflieger, W. L. 1975. The fishes of Missouri. Missouri Department of Conservation, Jefferson City. 343 pp.
- Power, M. E. 1987. Predator avoidance by grazing fishes in temperate and tropical streams: importance of stream depth and prey size. Pages 333–353in W. C. Kerfoot and A. Sih (eds.), Predation: direct and indirect impacts on aquatic communities. University of New England Press, Hanover, New Hampshire.
- Power, M. E., and W. J. Matthews. 1983. Algae-grazing minnows (Campostoma anomalum), piscivorous bass (Micropterus spp.) and the distribution of attached algae in a small prairie margin stream.Oecologia 60:328–332. CrossRef
- Schlosser, I. J. 1982a. Fish community structure and function along two habitat gradients in a headwater stream.Ecological Monographs 52:395–414. CrossRef
- Schlosser, I. J. 1982b. Trophic structure, reproductive success, and growth rate of fishes in a natural and modified headwater stream.Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 39:968–978.
- Schlosser, I. J. 1985. Flow regime, juvenile abundance, and the assemblage structure of stream fishes.Ecology 66:1484–1490. CrossRef
- Schlosser, I. J. 1987a. The role of predation in age- and size-related habitat use by stream fishes.Ecology 68:651–659. CrossRef
- Schlosser, I. J. 1987b. A conceptual framework for fish communities in small warmwater streams. Pages 17–24in W. J. Matthews and D. C. Heins, (eds.), Community and evolution ecology of North American stream fishes. Oklahoma University Press, Norman.
- Schlosser, I. J., and K. K. Ebel. 1989. Effects of flow regime and cyprinid predation on a headwater stream.Ecological Monographs 59:41–57. CrossRef
- Smith, P. W. 1979. The fishes of Illinois. University of Illinois Press, Champaign-Urbana. 314 pp.
- Sokal, R. R., and F. J. Rohlf. 1981. Biometry. W. H. Freeman, San Francisco, California. 859 pp.
- Southwood, T. R. E. 1977. Habitat, the templet for ecological strategies? Journal of Animal Ecology 46:337–365.
- Stalnaker, C. B. 1981. Low flow as a limiting factor in warmwater streams. Pages 192–199in L. A. Krumholz (ed.), The warmwater streams symposium. Allen Press, Lawrence, Kansas.
- Starrett, W. C. 1951. Some factors affecting the abundance of minnows in the Des Moines River, Iowa.Ecology 32:13–27. CrossRef
- Steedman, R. J. 1988. Modification and assessment of an Index of Biotic Integrity to quantify stream quality in southern Ontario.Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 45:492–501. CrossRef
- Toth, L. A., D. R. Dudley, J. R. Karr, and O. T. Gorman. 1982. Natural and man induced variability in a silverjaw minnow (Ericymba buccata) population.American Midland Naturalist 107:284–293. CrossRef
- Tramer, E. J. 1978. Catastrophic mortality of stream fishes trapped in shrinking pools.American Midland Naturalist 97:469–478. CrossRef
- Vannote, R. L., and B. W. Sweeney. 1980. Geographic analysis of thermal equilibria: a conceptual model for evaluating the effect of natural and modified thermal regimes on aquatic insect communities.The American Naturalist 115:667–695. CrossRef
- Vannote, R. L., G. W. Minshall, K. W. Cummins, J. R. Sedell, and C. E. Cushing. 1980. The river continuum.Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 37:130–137. CrossRef
- Yang, C. T. 1971. Formation of riffles and pools.Water Resources Research 7:1567–1574. CrossRef
About this Article
- Environmental variation, life history attributes, and community structure in stream fishes: Implications for environmental management and assessment
Volume 14, Issue 5 , pp 621-628
- Cover Date
- Print ISSN
- Online ISSN
- Additional Links
- Community structure
- Environmental management
- Environmental variation
- Index of biotic integrity
- Life history characteristics
- Longitudinal variation
- Recovery from disturbance
- Stream fishes
- Industry Sectors
- Author Affiliations
- 1. Department of Biology, Box 8238 University Station, 58202, Grand Forks, North Dakota, USA