The meaning and ethics of sustainability
- Richard Shearman
- … show all 1 hide
Rent the article at a discountRent now
* Final gross prices may vary according to local VAT.Get Access
Some have argued that the meaning of sustainability varies according to context, forcing us to be as explicit as possible when defining our terms. An argument is offered that disputes this conclusion by maintaining that it is not the meaning of sustainability that changes with respect to context, but rather our understanding of the context itself. This is frequently apparent in contradictions that arise when conceiving each context in terms of sustainability. If this argument is correct, then we should be concerned not with the “meaning” of sustainability but rather the implications of sustainability as they affect the status quo. And in order to do this we must be prepared to answer the question: Why is sustainability desirable? This approach is illustrated through a preliminary conceptual and ethical analysis of ecologically sustainable development.
Aga Khan, Prince Sadruddin. 1986. Forewordin ICIHI Staff Staff (ICIHI staff report for the International Commission on International Humanitarian Issues), The vanishing forest: The human consequences of deforestation. Zed Books Ltd., London.
Allen, W. H. 1988. Biocultural restoration of a tropical forest.BioScience 38(3):156–161.CrossRef
Brown, B., M. E. Hanson, D. M. Liverman, R. W. Merideth, Jr. 1987. Global sustainability: Toward definition.Environmental Management 11(6):713–719.CrossRef
Brown, L., and E. C. Wolf. 1988. Reclaiming the future. Pages 170–188in L. Starke (ed.), State of the world 1988. W. W. Norton, New York.
Caldwell, L. K. 1984. Political aspects of ecologically sustainable development.Environmental Conservation 11:299–308.CrossRef
Carpenter, R. A., and J. A. Dixon. 1985. Ecology meets economics: A guide to sustainable development.Environment 27(5):6–11, 27–32.
Chisholm, A. H. 1988. Sustainable resource use and development: uncertainty, irreversibility and rational choice. Pages 188–216in C. Tisdell and P. Maitra (eds.), Technological change, development and the environment. Routledge, London.
Cohn, J. P. 1988. Culture and conservation.BioScience 38(7):450–453.CrossRef
Daly, H. 1988. On sustainable development and national accounts. Pages 41–56in D. Collard, D. Pearce, and D. Ulph (eds.), Economics, growth, and sustainable environments: Essays in memory of Richard Lecomber. St. Martins Press, New York.
Dasmann, R. 1984. An introduction to world conservation. Pages 16–24in F. R. Thibodeau and H. H. Field (eds.), Sustaining tomorrow: A strategy for world conservation and development. University Press of New England, Hanover, New Hampshire.
Dasmann, R. 1988. Biosphere reserves, buffers, and boundaries.BioScience 38(7):487–89.CrossRef
Eckholm, E. 1979. The dispossessed of the earth: Land reform and sustainable development.Worldwatch paper 30.
Ehrenfeld, D. W. 1976. The conservation of non-resources.American Scientist 64:648–656.
Fortmann, L., and J. W. Bruce (eds.). 1988. Whose trees? Proprietary dimensions of forestry. Westview Press, Boulder, Colorado. 341 pp.
Hopper, D. 1987. Sustainability, policies, natural resources and institutions. Pages 5–16in T. J. Davis and I. A. Schirmer (eds.), Sustainability issues in agricultural development. The World Bank, Washington, DC.
Hufschmidt, M. M., D. E. James, A. D. Meister, B. T. Bower, J. A. Dixon. 1983. Environment, natural systems, and development: An economic valuation guide. The Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore, Maryland. 338 pp.
Jacobs, P., and D. A. Munro (eds.). 1987. Conservation with equity: Strategies for sustainable development. Page Brothers, Norwich. 466 pp.
Korten, D. C. (ed.). 1986. Community management: Asian experience and perspectives. Kumarian Press, West Hartford, Connecticut. 328 pp.
Lee, J. A. 1986. The environment, public health, and human ecology: Considerations for economic development. The Johns Hopkins Press, Baltimore, Maryland. 300 pp.
Leopold, A. 1966. A Sand County almanac — with essays on conservation from Round River. Ballantine Books, New York. 295 pp.
McLaughlin, A. 1986. Ecology and philosophy: By way of introduction.Philosophical Inquiry 8(1–2):1–9.
Naess, A. 1986. The deep ecological movement: Some philosophical aspects.Philosophical Inquiry 8(1–2):10–31.
Norgaard, R. B. 1984. Coevolutionary development potential.Land Economics 60(2):160–173.CrossRef
Norton, B. 1987. Why preserve natural variety? Princeton University Press, Princeton, New Jersey. 281 pp.
O'Riordan, T. 1988. The politics of sustainability. Pages 29–50in R. K. Turner (ed.), Sustainable environmental management. Westview Press, Boulder, Colorado. 292 pp.
Pearce, D., and A. Markandya. 1987. Marginal opportunity cost as a planning concept in natural resource management.Annals of Regional Science 21(3):18–32.CrossRef
Perrings, C. 1987. Economy and environment. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK. 179 pp.
Redclift, M. 1987. Sustainable development: Exploring the contradictions. Methuen, London. 221 pp.
Redclift, M. 1988. Economic models and environmental values: A discourse on theory. Pages 51–66in K. Turner (ed.), Sustainable environmental management. Westview Press, Boulder, Colorado. 292 pp.
Rolston, H., III. 1988. Environmental ethics: duties to and values in the natural world. Temple University Press, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. 391 pp.
Sen, A. 1984a. Development: Which way now? Pages 485–508in A. Sen, Resources, values and development. Harvard University Press, Cambridge, Massachusetts.
Sen, A. 1984b. Goods and people. Pages 509–532in A. Sen, Resources, values and development. Harvard University Press, Cambridge, Massachusetts.
Sessions, G. 1987. The deep ecology movement: A review.Environmental Review Summer: 105–125.
Sober, E. 1986. Philosophical problems for environmentalism: The value of biological diversity. Pages 173–194in B. Norton (ed.), The preservation of species. Princeton University Press, Princeton, New Jersey.
Sunkel, O. 1980. The interaction between styles of development and the environment in latin america.Cepal Review December:15–49.
Sunkel, O. 1987. Beyond the world conservation strategy: Integrating conservation and development in latin america and the caribbean. Pages 35–54in P. Jacobs and D. A. Munro (eds.), Conservation with equity: Strategies for sustainable development. Page Brothers, Norwich.
Tangley, L. 1988a. Beyond national parks.BioScience 38(3):146–147.CrossRef
Tangley, L. 1988b. A new era for biosphere reserves.BioScience 38(3):148–155.CrossRef
Taylor, P. 1986. Respect for nature: A theory of environmental ethics. Princeton University Press, Princeton, New Jersey. 329 pp.
Tisdell, C. 1985a. World conservation strategy, economic policies and sustainable resource-use in developing countries.The Environmental Professional 7:102–107.
Tisdell, C. 1985b. Economics, ecology, sustainable agricultural systems and development.Development Southern Africa 2(4):512–521.
Tisdell, C. 1988. Sustainable development: Differing perspectives of ecologists and economists, and relevance to LDCs.World Development 16(3):373–384.CrossRef
Turner, R. K. 1988a. Sustainability, resource conservation and pollution control. Pages 1–25in R. K. Turner (ed.), Sustainable environmental management. Westview Press, Boulder, Colorado. 292 pp.
Turner, R. K. 1988b. Wetland conservation: Economics and ethics. Pages 121–159in D. Collard, D. Pearce, and D. Ulph (eds.), Economics, growth, and sustainable environments: Essays in memory of Richard Lecomber. St. Martins Press, New York.
World Commission on Environment and Development. 1987. Our common future. Oxford University Press, Oxford, UK. 400 pp.
World Resources Institute and the International Institute for Environment and Development. 1986. World resources 1986. Basic Books, New York. 353 pp.
- The meaning and ethics of sustainability
Volume 14, Issue 1 , pp 1-8
- Cover Date
- Print ISSN
- Online ISSN
- Additional Links
- Ecologically sustainable development
- Industry Sectors
- Richard Shearman (1)
- Author Affiliations
- 1. Graduate Program in Environmental Science, State University of New York College of Environmental Science and Forestry, 13210, Syracuse, New York, USA