Immune responses of mice after conjunctival exposure toChlamydia trachomatis serovar A
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- Barsoum, I.S., Hardin, L.K. & Colley, D.G. Med Microbiol Immunol (1988) 177: 349. doi:10.1007/BF02389907
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CBA/J mice were inoculated in the lower conjunctival sac with live elementary bodies (EBs) ofChlamydia trachomatis serovar A. Recovery of chlamydia after exposure was done by culture of conjunctival swabs and draining lymph node (D-LN) cells in McCoy cells grown on coverslips in isolation vials. Cellular immune responsiveness was measured by lymphocyte proliferation assay of D-LN cells stimulated with irradiated EBs of serovars A, C, or L2. Humoral immunity was measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbant assay (ELISA) and immunoblot analysis. Chlamydia were consistently isolated from the conjunctiva and from the D-LN at 1 and 7 days after exposure respectively. Intermittent isolations were obtained from the conjunctiva up to day 4 and from the D-LN up to day 14 after a single exposure. Serovar A EB-stimulated lymphocyte proliferation was strong by 1 week after conjunctival exposure, but by 4 and 5 weeks, blastogenic responsiveness was very low. This lack of responsiveness may reflect a state of immunosuppression. Responses to serovars C and L2 EBs were consistantly lower than to serovar A EBs. Serum IgG antichlamydia antibodies were not detected by ELISA until 2 weeks after exposure, peaked by 4–5 weeks, and decreased between 5 and 7 weeks after exposure. The IgM response was minimal at all times tested. There was, however, a modest increase in IgM antibodies at 3 and 5–7 weeks after exposure. Immunoblot analysis showed reactivity of mouse serum antibodies with polypeptide bands of 30, 41, and 52 kD at 3 and 4 weeks post exposure and predominantly with the 52 kD moiety at 5 weeks post exposure. These studies along with the effect of multiple exposures on the immune response may provide a model system which will assist in the understanding of the immune responses and immunomodulation that occur in trachoma.