Journal of Materials Science

, Volume 26, Issue 10, pp 2711-2715

Influence of grain size and degree of crystallization of intergranular glassy phase on the mechanical behaviour of a debased alumina

  • N. P. PadtureAffiliated withDepartment of Materials Science and Engineering, Lehigh University
  • , H. M. ChanAffiliated withDepartment of Materials Science and Engineering, Lehigh University

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The influence of microstructure on the crack resistance (R-curve) behaviour of a commercial debased alumina containing large amounts of glassy phase (28 vol%) has been studied by strength measurements at controlled flaw sizes produced by indentation. Both the individual and combined effects of (a) grain size, and (b) intergranular second phase (glassy or crystalline) were evaluated. Enhancement of theR-curve behaviour was observed when the average grain size was increased from 3–18 μm by thermal treatment. However, no effect of the degree of crystallinity of the intergranular second phase on theR-curve behaviour, in either small or large-grained materials, was observed. These results are discussed with reference to the influence of grain-boundary residual stresses on grain bridging across the crack interface.