Journal of Materials Science

, Volume 24, Issue 8, pp 2681–2686

Some theoretical considerations of the surface tension of liquid metals for metal matrix composites

  • Jacques E. Schoutens

DOI: 10.1007/BF02385611

Cite this article as:
Schoutens, J.E. J Mater Sci (1989) 24: 2681. doi:10.1007/BF02385611


This paper presents a model for calculating the surface tension of pure metals and their alloys. It is based upon the theory of Eyringet al. which uses classical statistical physics to describe the thermodynamic properties of metals in the liquid state. Calculations show the surface tension of pure aluminium to be nearly 9% greater than that measured for pure aluminium having a monolayer of oxide (Al2O3), and within about 10% of measured values for Al-xMg and Al−xCu, wherex is the weight percent of the alloying element. In the present calculations 0 ≤x≤8 wt% for magnesium and 0≤x≤30 wt% for copper were used. The values calculated are also in good agreement with results from other models. The model was also used to calculate the temperature coefficient. For pure aluminium the calculated values fall within experimental measurements, and exhibit a slight temperature dependence.

Copyright information

© Chapman and Hall Ltd. 1989

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jacques E. Schoutens
    • 1
  1. 1.Metal and Ceramic Matrix Composites, Processing and Evaluation CenterMassachusetts Institute of TechnologyCambridgeUSA
  2. 2.Kaman TempoMMCIACSanta BarbaraUSA