Article

Primates

, Volume 34, Issue 4, pp 431-444

First online:

Sexual behavior of tibetan macaques at Mt. Emei, China

  • Qi-Kun ZhaoAffiliated withConservation Biology Center, Kunming Institute of Zoology, Academia Sinica

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Abstract

Data on sexual behavior were collected in six groups of semi-commensalMacaca thibetana along the trail on the slope habitat between 1987 and 1989. Ignoring the common items such as mounting, presenting etc., 20 categories of sexual behavior were described. Most of the descriptions were likely to have enlarged the behavior repertoire reported in macaques, showing a great complexity of sociosexual interactions under the principally natural condition. A great diversity of grouping appeared in the mating season. The copulatory pattern was found to be the serial type contrary to previous speculation, and the mount-to-ejaculation ratio was higher in the central subgroup, as compared with the far-peripheral adult subgroup (FAS) with less male and female rivals. An age-class subdivision of sexually active males made it possible to show that the young adult male immigrants were the most active class in sexual activity. Subgrouping form FAS was a “space-segregation” tactic of mating for the losers of both sexes in the competition. Some parameters of copulation were also documented.

Key Words

Macaca thibetana Sexual behavior Mount-to-ejaculation ratio Social context Space-segregation tactic of mating Age-class subdivision of males