Social stability and change among forest hanuman langurs (Presbytis entellus)
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- Newton, P. Primates (1994) 35: 489. doi:10.1007/BF02381957
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The social organization of hanuman langurs (Presbytis entellus, Colobinae) was studied in Kanha Tiger Reserve, Central Indian Highlands between 1980 and 1983, followed by six brief return visits over ten years. Censuses of the 7 km2 Kanha meadows demonstrated little change in population density and structure between 1982 and 1990; the population was consistently composed of one-male troops and all-male bands. During the return visits the focal C troop extended its known 74.5 ha range by only 5.6%. By 1993 two identified, habituated, adult females remained within the troop. The adult male was resident in C troop for ≥nine years and eight months.