, Volume 37, Issue 3, pp 261–270

Conflict and reconciliation in two groups of crab-eating monkeys differing in social status by birth

  • Marina Butovskaya
  • Alexander Kozintsev
  • Christian Welker

DOI: 10.1007/BF02381858

Cite this article as:
Butovskaya, M., Kozintsev, A. & Welker, C. Primates (1996) 37: 261. doi:10.1007/BF02381858


Two groups of captive macaques (M. fascicularis) were studied at Kassel University, Germany. One included animals whose mothers were high-ranking, another, those whose mothers were low-ranking. The first group was a despotic community in which conflicts were severe and occurred mainly between single individuals; the reconciliation tendency was weak, the male leader was the controlling animal, and the affiliative preferences were marked. The second group was an egalitarian community split into two mutually hostile conalitions; the conflicts were less severe, the tendency for reconciliation was strong, the male leader could control only his own bloc and had no strong affiliative ties with other group members.

Key Words


Copyright information

© Japan Monkey Centre 1996

Authors and Affiliations

  • Marina Butovskaya
    • 1
  • Alexander Kozintsev
    • 2
  • Christian Welker
    • 3
  1. 1.Institute of Ethnology and AnthropologyMoscowRussia
  2. 2.Museum of Anthropology and EthnographySaint-PetersburgRussia
  3. 3.Department of Zoology and Comparative AnatomyUniversity of KasselKasselGermany