, Volume 24, Issue 4, pp 567-575

Structural patterns of enamel in the superfamily Ceboidea

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Abstract

A fundamental enamel structure was found in the superfamily Ceboidea, and tentatively named the nonserial pattern, as distinguished from the multiserial and uniserial patterns. In the nonserial pattern, almost all rows of enamel prisms are straight to slightly curved from the enameldentin junction to the surface of the tooth, and are nearly uniformly oriented. Accordingly, Schreger's band is definitely lacking throughout the length and width of enamel. The interprismatic bundles between both adjacent rows are well developed.

The nonserial pattern has so far been found to be limited to some genera of which the molars preserve rather primitive external features; i.e.,Saimiri, Callicebus, Aotus, Alouatta, Saguinus andLeontopithecus. On the other hand, the multiserial pattern is fairly common in many genera of the Ceboidea. The nonserial pattern, which corresponds to the pattern I described byBoyde (1964), is the most primitive, judging from its occurrence, structural simplicity and other factors. The multiserial and uniserial patterns are assumed to be independently evolved from the nonserial pattern.