, Volume 37, Issue 2, pp 207–213

Imitation of facial gestures by an infant chimpanzee

  • Masako Myowa

DOI: 10.1007/BF02381408

Cite this article as:
Myowa, M. Primates (1996) 37: 207. doi:10.1007/BF02381408


A nursery-reared infant chimpanzee (Pan troglodytes) was tested for the ability to imitate human facial gestures, following the procedure ofMeltzoff andMoore (1977). The subject was observed between 5 to 15 weeks of ages. The results showed that the subject could imitate tongue protrusion in the age of 5–10 weeks and mouth opening between the ages of 5–11 weeks. However, from 12 to 15 weeks, the infant did not imitate the facial gestures. The present study clearly demonstrated that the infant chimpanzee could imitate human facial gestures in a particular period.

Key Words

Infant chimpanzee Imitation Facial gestures Developmental change 

Copyright information

© Japan Monkey Centre 1996

Authors and Affiliations

  • Masako Myowa
    • 1
  1. 1.Faculty of EducationKyoto UniversityKyotoJapan

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