Differential effects of kinship, dominance, and the mating season on female allogrooming in a captive group ofMacaca fuscata
Purchase on Springer.com
$39.95 / €34.95 / £29.95*
Rent the article at a discountRent now
* Final gross prices may vary according to local VAT.
An analysis of allogrooming (total times spent grooming individual partners) of 8 sexually mature females (3–12 years of age) in a captive group of 17 Japanese macaques, shows that during the nonmating season, grooming distributions were characterized by high proportions of grooming given to family members and/or higher ranking nonkin. During the mating season, all eight females showed significant shifts in their grooming distributions, and four females showed significant shifts in grooming between their nonestrous and estrous periods (defined behaviorally). Fox six of eight females, mating season grooming was characterized by either high proportions of grooming given to family members and/or heterosexual and homosexual partners. It was found that within dyadic sexual relationships, dominants gave more grooming to subordinates than the former received, in contrast to a reversal of this pattern in the majority of these same dyads during the nonmating season. This is interpreted as one short-term function of grooming: a dominant asymmetrically grooms a subordinate sexual partner to maintain proximity with (or reduce tension in) the latter. The two remaining focal females (middle ranking, nulliparous) differed from the other females in that they shifted their mating season grooming to subordinate nonkin, despite the lack of evidence that this was a result of sexual interactions, patterns of partner availability, competition, patterns of grooming reciprocity, or agonistic alliance support. From these results, it is suggested that in some contexts, grooming of subordinate nonkin may function to reduce tension in thegroomer. In the Japanese macaque, this latter possibility and the asymmetric grooming of subordinate homosexual partners may prove to be exceptions to the general rule that female cercopithecine grooming of nonkin flows up the dominance hierarchy.
- Akers, J. S. &C. H. Conoway, 1979. Female homosexual behavior inMacaca mulatta.Arch. Sex. Behav., 8: 63–80. CrossRef
- Altmann, J., 1974. Observational study of behavior: sampling methods.Behaviour, 48–49: 227–261.
- Baxter, M. J. &L. M. Fedigan, 1979. Grooming and consort partner selection in a troop of Japanese monkeys (Macaca fuscata).Arch. Sex. Behav., 8: 445–458. CrossRef
- Chapais, B., 1983. Dominance, relatedness, and the structure of female relationships in rhesus monkeys. In:Primate Social Relationships,R. A. Hinde (ed.), Sinauer Associates, Sunderland, Massachusetts, pp. 208–219.
- , 1985. An experimental analysis of a mother-daughter rank reversal in Japanese macaques (Macaca fuscata).Primates, 26: 407–423.
- , 1986. Why do adult male and female rhesus monkeys affiliate during the birth season? In:The Cayo Santiago Macaques,G. Rawlins &M. J. Kessler (eds.), State Univ. of New York Press, Albany, pp. 173–200.
- &S. R. Schulman, 1980. An evolutionary model of female dominance.J. Theor. Biol., 82: 47–89.
- Chevalier-Skolnikoff, S., 1976. Homosexual behavior in a laboratory group of stumptail monkeys (Macaca arctoides): Forms, contexts, and possible social functions.Arch. Sex Behav., 5: 511–527. CrossRef
- Clark, T. W. &T. Mano, 1975. Transplantation and adaptation of Arashiyama A troop of Japanese macaques to a Texas bushland habitat. In:Contemporary Primatology,S. Kondo,M. Kawai, &A. Ehara (eds.), S. Karger, Basel, pp. 358–361.
- Colvin, J., 1983. Familiarity, rank and the structure of rhesus male peer networks. In:Primate Social Relationships,R. A. Hinde (ed.), Sinauer Associates, Sunderland, Massachusetts, pp. 190–199.
- Drickamer, L. C., 1976. Quantitative observations of grooming behavior in free-rangingMacaca mulatta.Primates, 17: 323–335. CrossRef
- Dunbar, R. I. M., 1970. Determinants and evolutionary consequences of dominance among female gelada baboons.Behav. Ecol. Sociobiol., 7: 253–265.
- Fairbanks, L. A., 1980. Relationships among adult females in captive vervet monkeys: testing a model of rank-related attractiveness.Anim. Behav., 28: 853–859.
- Fedigan, L. M. &H. Gouzoules, 1979. The consort relationship in a troop of Japanese monkeys. In:Recent Advances in Primatology, Vol. 1, Behaviour,D. J. Chivers &J. Herbert (eds.), Academic Press, London, pp. 493–495.
- Gouzoules, H. &R. W. Goy, 1983. Physiological and social influences on mounting behavior of troop-living female monkeys (Macaca fuscata).Amer. J. Primatol., 5: 39–49.
- Hamilton, W. D., 1964. The genetical evolution of social behavior I, II.J. Theor. Biol., 7: 1–52.
- Kummer, H., 1978. On the value of social relationships to non-human primates: a heuristic scheme.Soc. Sci. Inform., 17: 687–705.
- Leger, D. W., 1977. An empirical evaluation of instantaneous and one-zero sampling of chimpanzee behavior.Primates, 18: 387–393.
- Oki, J. &Y. Maeda, 1973. Grooming as regulator of behavior in Japanese macaques. In:Behavioral Regulators of Behavior in Primates,C. R. Carpenter (ed.), Bucknell Univ. Press, Lewisburg, pp. 149–163.
- Sade, D. S., 1965. Some aspects of parent-offspring and sibling relations in a group of rhesus monkeys, with a discussion of grooming.Amer. J. Phys. Anthropol., 23: 1–18. CrossRef
- , 1972. Sociometrics ofMacaca mulatta. I. Linkages and cliques in grooming matrices.Folia Primatol., 18: 196–223.
- Seyfarth, R. M., 1976. Social relationships among adult female baboons.Anim. Behav., 24: 917–938.
- , 1977. A model of social grooming among adult female baboons.J. Theor. Biol., 65: 671–698. CrossRef
- , 1980. The distribution of grooming and related behaviours among adult female vervet monkeys.Anim. Behav., 28: 798–813.
- , 1983. Grooming and social competition in primates. In:Primate Social Relationships,R. A. Hinde (ed.), Sinauer Associates, Sunderland, Massachusetts, pp. 182–190.
- Siegel, S., 1956.Nonparametric Statistics for the Behavioral Sciences. McGraw-Hill, New York.
- Silk, J. B., S. A. Samuels, &P. S. Rodman, 1981. The influence of kinship, rank and sex on affiliation and aggression between adult female and immature bonnet macaques (Macaca radiata).Behaviour, 78: 111–137.
- Smuts, B. B., 1985.Sex and Friendship in Baboons. Aldine, New York.
- Sokal, R. R. &F. J. Rohlf, 1981.Biometry (2nd ed.). W. H. Freeman & Co., New York.
- Sparks, J., 1967. Allogrooming in primates: a review. In:Primate Ethology,D. Morris (ed.), Weidenfield & Nicholson, London, pp. 148–175.
- Terry, R., 1970. Primate grooming as a tension reducing mechanism.J. Psychol., 76: 129–136.
- Trivers, R. L., 1971. The evolution of reciprocal altruism.Quart. Rev. Biol., 46: 35–59. CrossRef
- , 1972. Parental investment and sexual selection. In:Sexual Selection and the Descent of Man,B. Campbell (ed.), Aldine, Chicago, pp. 136–179.
- de Waal, F. B. M. &L. M. Luttrell, 1986. The similarity principle underlying social bonding among female rhesus monkeys.Folia Primatol., 46: 215–234.
- Wolfe, L., 1979. Behavioral patterns of estrous females of the Arashiyama West troop of Japanese macaques (Macaca fuscata).Primates, 20: 525–534.
- Differential effects of kinship, dominance, and the mating season on female allogrooming in a captive group ofMacaca fuscata
Volume 29, Issue 2 , pp 195-217
- Cover Date
- Print ISSN
- Online ISSN
- Additional Links
- Kinship: Dominance
- Macaca fuscata